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Children of Exception: Redefining Categories of Illegality and Citizenship in Canada

Author(s): Francesca Meloni1, Cécile Rousseau, Catherine Montgomery and Toby Measham

Date: April, 2013

Summary

This article examines legal discourses on precarious status children in Canada over the last decade. Drawing on different theoretical frameworks and taking into account laws and court decisions, the paper will examine the way in which precarious status children are regarded as powerless subjects in need of protection and as threatening others. The article argues that these two apparently contrasting discourses are embedded within specific socio-historical constructions of childhood and children's citizenship which deny and limit their agency and conceive of their claim to membership as illegitimate. In the case of precarious status children, illegality and citizenship need to be redefined in a developmental perspective, questioning the potential risks associated with prevalent moral and social assumptions on childhood.

 


Website: Link to Wiley Online Library

The Childcare Professional: Spring 2013 Newsletter Training Schedule

Author(s): YMCA Vancouver

Date: April, 2013

Summary

This issue of the Child Care Professional Newsletter contains Research into Practice: The Importance of Fostering Social & EmotionalDevelopmentin the Early Years, Understanding the Value of Children’s Rough‐and‐Tumble Play, Caregiver Corner and Activity Pages.

 


Document: Child Care Professional Newsletter (.pdf)

Age at immigration to Canada and the occurrence of mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders

Author(s): Patterson B, Kyu HH, Georgiades K

Date: March, 2013

Summary

OBJECTIVE: The process of migration and resettlement has been associated with increased risk for psychiatric illness. Our study sought to examine the association between age at immigration and risk for mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders (SUDs) among adult immigrants in Canada.

METHOD: Data from the Canadian Community Health

Survey: Mental Health and Well-Being, a cross-sectional study of psychiatric disorder conducted in 2002, was used to identify a representative sample of adult immigrants in Canada (n = 4946). Logistic regression was used to examine the association between age at immigration (0 to 5 years, 6 to 17 years, and 18 years and older) and 12-month prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders, and SUDs.

RESULTS: Immigrants who arrived prior to age 6 years reported the highest risk for mood (OR 3.41; 95% CI 1.7 to 7.0) and anxiety disorders (OR 6.89; 95% CI 3.5 to 13.5), compared with those who immigrated at the age of 18 years or older, after adjusting for covariates, including duration of residence.

CONCLUSIONS: Younger age at immigration was associated with increased risk of having a current mood disorder, anxiety disorder, or SUD. These findings speak to the importance of developing and evaluating targeted prevention programs for young immigrant children and adolescents.

 


Website: Link to Europe PubMed Central

Sociocultural and psychological considerations of pediatric obesity and eating disorder symptomatology in Canadian immigrants

Author(s): Jennifer A. Boisvert, W. Andrew Harrell

Date: February, 2013

Summary

This article reviews pediatric obesity and eating disorders in the context of unique issues facing immigrants. Sociocultural factors such as the obesogenic environment and unhealthy food and exercise habits as well as psychological factors such as acculturation and fat oppression have been identified as important in understanding and preventing obesity and other eating disorders. In particular, survey data are presented to show that an immigrant's age of first introduction to Canadian culture and subsequent enculturation over the lifespan are highly predictive of eating disorder symptomatology. The possible causal connection between obesity and eating disorder symptomatology is discussed. Recommendations for research, practice and prevention agendas are outlined in the aim of promoting pediatric health and wellness.


Website: IOS Press Website

Dental Health Needs And Related Factors In Inner-City Vancouver Elementary School Aged Children

Author(s): Firoozeh Samim

Date: February, 2013

Summary

The aims of the study were: to describe the dental health and treatment needs of inner-city Vancouver elementary-school-aged children and to examine differences in dental health between socioeconomic and ethnic groups. 


Document: Dental Health Needs And Related Factors In Inner-City Vancouver Elementary School Aged Children (.pdf)

Interpreting the early language trajectories of children from low-SES and language minority homes: Implications for closing achievement gaps.

Author(s): Erika Hoff

Date: January, 2013

Summary

On average, children from low socioeconomic status (SES) homes and children from homes in which a language other than English is spoken have language development trajectories that are different from those of children from middle-class, monolingual English-speaking homes. Children from low-SES and language minority homes have unique linguistic strengths, but many reach school age with lower levels of English language skill than do middle-class, monolingual children. Because early differences in English oral language skill have consequences for academic achievement, low levels of English language skill constitute a deficit for children about to enter school in the United States. Declaring all developmental trajectories to be equally valid would not change the robust relation between English oral language skills and academic achievement and would not help children with poor English skills to be successful in school. Remedies aimed at supporting the development of the English skills required for academic success need not and should not entail devaluing or diminishing children's other language skills.

 


Website: Link to PsycNet

Refugee Services Toolkit

Author(s): National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Date: January, 2013

Summary

This Toolkit is a web-based tool designed to help service system providers understand the experience of refugee children and families, identify the needs associated with their mental health, and ensure that they are connected with the most appropriate available interventions.

In order to use the Toolkit, users will need to create a free account on the National Child Traumatic Stress Network website.

Please contact Beverly Herr, Boston Children's Hospital, at Beverly.Herr@childrens.harvard.edu if you have any feedback regarding the usability and value of this updated resource.

 


Website: Refugee Services Toolkit (free login required)

Newsletter: The Child and Youth Advocate - December

Author(s): First Call BC

Date: December, 2012

Summary

In the December edition of their newsletter, the BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition announces new research and events.  This edition includes: BC's Hardest Working- Poverty Reduction Coalition, First Nations Child Welfare in BC (2011) fact sheet, UN Children’s Committee Vice Chair talks with Canadian Youth, The promise of the early years: How long should children wait?, Materialism Tied to Unhappiness in Tweens, Dads' Interactions with Babies Predicts Toddler Behaviour and Cost of Learning Growing Faster than Incomes.

 


Website: Link to Newsletter

Are We Doing Enough? A status report on Canadian public policy and child and youth health

Author(s): Canadian Paediatric Society

Date: November, 2012

Summary

In this fourth edition of Are We Doing Enough?, the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) continues to assess key indicators of child and youth health at the provincial/territorial and federal levels. In addition to rating progress on these indicators, we outline specific actions to improve the legislative and public policy environments.

 


Document: Are we doing enough - 2012 Status Update (.pdf)

2012 Child Poverty Report Card

Author(s): First Call - BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition

Date: November, 2012

Summary

This BC Child Poverty Report Card includes an introduction, ten fact sheets on child poverty, and recommendations.  Fact Sheets cover the following topics: BC’s Dismal Poverty Rates, Child Poverty Over the Years, Child Poverty by Family, The Depth of Poverty, Child Poverty and Working Parents, Families With Children on Welfare, The Ins and Outs of Child Poverty, Incomes of Families With Children – Growing Inequality, The Importance of Government Help, and The Poverty Gap in British Columbia.  The Report Card concludes with the BC Campaign 2000 Recommendations.

 


Document: First Call BC 2012 Report Card on Child Poverty


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