Chandni Joshi, Grant Russell, I-Hao Cheng, Margaret Kay, Kevin Pottie, Margaret Alston, Mitchell Smith, Bibiana Chan, Shiva Vasi, Winston Lo, Sayed Shukrullah Wahidi and Mark F Harris

Publication date:
11-07-2013

Last Reviewed: 01-09-2014

A narrative synthesis of the impact of primary health care delivery models for refugees in resettlement countries on access, quality and coordination


Source: International Journal for Equity in Health 2013, 12:88

Summary:
The aim of this narrative synthesis is to identify the components of primary health care service delivery models for refugees which have been effective in improving access, quality and coordination of care.

A systematic review of the literature, including published systematic reviews, was undertaken. Studies between 1990 and 2011 were identified by searching Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Australian Public Affairs Information Service – Health, Health and Society Database, Multicultural Australian and Immigration Studies and Google Scholar. A limited snowballing search of the reference lists of all included studies was also undertaken. A stakeholder advisory committee and international advisers provided papers from grey literature. Only English language studies of evaluated primary health care models of care for refugees in developed countries of resettlement were included.Twenty-five studies met the inclusion criteria for this review of which 15 were Australian and 10 overseas models. These could be categorised into six themes: service context, clinical model, workforce capacity, cost to clients, health and non-health services. Access was improved by multidisciplinary staff, use of interpreters and bilingual staff, no-cost or low-cost services, outreach services, free transport to and from appointments, longer clinic opening hours, patient advocacy, and use of gender-concordant providers. These services were affordable, appropriate and acceptable to the target groups. Coordination between the different health care services and services responding to the social needs of clients was improved through case management by specialist workers. Quality of care was improved by training in cultural sensitivity and appropriate use of interpreters.The elements of models most frequently associated with improved access, coordination and quality of care were case management, use of specialist refugee health workers, interpreters and bilingual staff. These findings have implications for workforce planning and training.

Link 1: http://www.equityhealthj.com/content/12/1/88

Theme: Health and Well Being

Region: International

Subject Group: Refugees