Shankar, J.; Ip, E.; Khalema, E.; Couture, J.; Tan, S.; Zulla, R.T.; Lam, G.

Publication date:

Last Reviewed: 02-12-2014

Education as a Social Determinant of Health: Issues Facing Indigenous and Visible Minority Students in Postsecondary Education in Western Canada

Source: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3908-3929.

This study acknowledged that the level of educational attainment is an important social determinant of health. It aimed to understand the reasons for the poor representation in post secondary institutions of indigenous and visible minority students by examining their experiences enrolled in a postsecondary program.

Canada ranks high among OECD countries in terms of advanced education, with 66% of Canadians having completed some form of postsecondary education. Yet youth from low income indigenous and visible minority (LIIVM) backgrounds continue to be poorly represented at PSE levels. The current study aimed to understand the reasons for this poor representation by examining the experiences of LIIVM students enrolled in a postsecondary program. Findings show that the challenges they faced during the course of their study had an adverse impact on their health and that improving representation of these students in PSE will require changes at many levels.

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Theme: Health and Well Being

Region: Canada

Subject Group: Immigrants, Refugees, Youth (13-25)