Sarah Prowse, Robert J. Schroth, Alexandria Wilson, Jeanette M. Edwards,Janet Sarson Jeremy A. Levi, and Michael E. Moffatt

Publication date:

Last Reviewed: 02-25-2014

Diversity Considerations for Promoting Early Childhood Oral Health: A Pilot Study

Source: International Journal of Dentistry Volume 2014

The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the views of parents and caregivers from four cultural groups on early childhood oral health and early childhood caries.

A qualitative descriptive study design using focus groups recruited parents and caregivers from four cultural groups. Discussions were documented, audio-recorded, transcribed, and then analyzed for content based on themes. Study findings show that parents and caregivers identified several potential barriers to good oral health practice, including child’s temperament, finances, and inability to control sugar intake. Both religion and genetics were found to influence perceptions of oral health. Misconceptions regarding breastfeeding and bottle use were present. One-on-one discussions, parental networks, and using laypeople from similar backgrounds were suggested methods to promote oral health. The immigrant and refugee participants placed emphasis on the use of visuals for those with language barriers while Hutterite participants suggested a health-education approach.

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Theme: Health and Well Being

Region: Canada

Subject Group: Immigrants, Refugees, Children (0-6), Families